Rufus is an application that is quite popular as a tool that can create a bootable flash disk so that it can be used for Windows installations. How to use Rufus is quite easy, apart from its small size, Rufus can also be used for free.
So, if you want to install Windows via a USB flash drive, then you must use Rufus. You can make a bootable flash disk with the help of Rufus on Windows 7, 8, 10, and even Windows XP.
Windows provides several options for setting boot to external storage. With this feature in Windows, you can install Windows via flash.
This can be a solution because the use of CDs or DVDs as Windows installation media is starting to be rare. In addition, laptops that are small like netbooks, ultrabooks certainly also don’t have an optical drive.
Installing windows via flash is also more practical than via CD. Because after you use the flash as a bootable Windows installation, the flash drive can still be used to store files as usual.
Unlike the CD that contains Windows files. A CD that has been burned, cannot be changed or even deleted. Therefore, the use of a CD as a Windows installation is actually less flexible than a flash disk.
How to Use Rufus
There are several conditions that you must fulfill before you make a bootable Windows on a flash disk using Rufus. Make sure you meet the requirements below:
- Has a windows file format .iso
- Minimum flashdisk of 8GB
- Laptop or windows computer 7,8, or 10.
After you have prepared some of the requirements above, now you can go to the steps on how to use Rufus below.
The first step is that you have to download the Rufus file first on the Rufus GitHub website. After the Rufus file has been successfully downloaded, now open the Rufus file on your laptop or computer.
Make sure the flash is installed in the USB slot of your laptop or computer, then open the Rufus application. Then Rufus will automatically detect the flash with all the information such as capacity, volume, size, and others.
If the Device section displays the name and size of your flashdisk, it means that the flashdisk has been detected by Rufus. An example is in the picture above, a flash disk with the name No_Label measuring 4GB has been detected on Rufus.
Selecting an ISO File
Then you have to click the Select button and look for the ISO file that will be used as bootable on the flash. If you have found the file, then select the iso file.
Make a Bootable Flashdisk
In making a Windows bootable flash drive using Rufus, there are several things in the settings that you should pay attention to. In the Boot selection option, make sure you have selected the correct and appropriate iso file.
Then make sure you also select the Partition scheme option in the MBR option. And don’t forget to set the Target system to the BIOS (or UEFI-CSM) option. You can change it by clicking the drop-down menu.
Next, in the Format Options tab, set the Volume label column if you want to change the name of the bootable flash disk. Make sure you select NTFS in the File system option, click Show advanced format options then check the Quick format option, and Create extended label and icon files.
Starting a Bootable Flashdisk
After you have set all the necessary Rufus settings to make Windows bootable on the flash, now you can start all of these settings so that the flash can be used for Windows installation.
To do this, just click the Start button at the bottom of the Rufus application, select OK if a warning appears. This warning provides information that the flash disk will begin to be formatted so that the process of making Windows bootable can run smoothly.
After that, just wait for the Rufus process to finish. The length of time it takes depends on the Windows ISO file you choose. The larger the size, the longer it will take.
A sign that the Rufus process is complete is if the progress bar is green and displays the READY status. Now you can use the flash disk for Windows installation.
To use it, make sure you have set Windows boot to flash first. You can set it through the laptop’s default BIOS. Good luck!