Reinstalling is one of the most common solutions for Windows users if their computer has a problem. By reinstalling, the Windows system will return to its original state so that we will be free from various problems such as viruses and others.
Traditionally, the reinstall process usually requires a CD, DVD, ISO file, or a flash drive that contains Windows installation files. But on Windows 8 and 10, this is no longer necessary because Windows has introduced a refresh and reset feature.
How to reinstall Windows 10 with these two features is very easy and fast. You can also apply this method on any laptop, be it on ASUS, Lenovo, Acer, etc. You only have to decide which features you want to use because both have their own advantages and you don’t need to download the Windows 10 installation file anymore. Are there any tips for being able to reinstall without deleting data? Find the answer in the following article.
How to Reinstall Windows 10 and Keep Your Files
Difference Refresh and Reset
In general, refresh and reset are similar features, both of which will restore Windows on your computer to the state it was in when it was just installed. However, both have fundamental differences that you must pay attention to.
Also Read: How to Download Windows 10 for Free
The refresh feature will not delete modern programs and personal files, whereas reset will erase everything. For clarity, here are some of the things that will happen when you refresh:
- Windows will not delete personal files, personalization settings, and modern apps downloaded from the Windows Store.
- Windows will return all PC settings to their defaults.
- Windows will remove all desktop programs and will display a list of deleted programs after the refresh process is complete.
It can be concluded that this refresh process will only delete the desktop settings and programs that we have installed. Desktop programs are programs that we have been using since the early Windows era, while Modern programs have been available on the Windows Store since Windows 8.
Meanwhile, if you choose the reset feature, Windows will reinstall and format the hard disk on your computer. This means that all desktop programs, modern programs, settings, and personal files will all be deleted from your computer.
Select Refresh or Reset?
If you experience problems with your computer and want to fix them, it is highly recommended that you refresh them first. That way, problems with the system and desktop programs can be fixed without deleting any personal data.
But if after the refresh process the problem still exists, then feel free to use the reset feature. That way, all the data on the hard disk of your computer will be deleted so that your computer looks new again.
But remember, how to reinstall Windows 10 that is used, you must still backup your data before doing it. This is so that you don’t lose important data if an error occurs in the refresh or reset process.
How to Refresh and Reset via Desktop
There are two ways you can do to refresh and reset, namely through the desktop and through the boot options menu. If your computer is still running well, then use the desktop method. Here are the steps:
- Go to Start Menu> Settings.
- In the window that opens, select the option “Update & Security”
- Click the “Recovery” option in the right-hand column
- Click the “Get started” button in the Reset this PC section
- Select the option “Keep my files” if you want to refresh, and select the option “Remove everything” if you want to reset
- The refresh or reset process will take place immediately, please wait for it to finish.
If your computer has several hard disk partitions, you will usually see the question “Your PC has more than one drive. Do you want to remove all files from all drives? ” which asks if you want to delete all partitions or not.
If you don’t want to delete all partitions, then please select the option “Only the drive where Windows is installed”. That way, the reset process will only delete data on drive C or any other partition where Windows 10 is installed.
How to Refresh and Reset via Boot Menu
The next way you can try to refresh or reset is to access the boot options menu. To access it, there are three ways you can try. For the first method, please follow the steps below:
- Go to Start Menu> Power
- Click Restart while holding down the Shift key
- Select Troubleshoot
- Select “Refresh your PC” to refresh, and “Reset your PC” to reset.
- Wait for the refresh or reset process to complete.
Apart from the above method, you can also access the boot options menu through the settings window in Windows 10. Here are the steps as quoted from How to Geek:
- Go to Start Menu> Settings
- Select Update & Security Options
- Click the “Recovery” option in the right-hand column
- Click the “Restart Now” button in the Advanced startup section
- After that, you will enter the stages above.
The last way is to use the command prompt (CMD). The trick, please open CMD then type “shutdown.exe / r / o” without the quotes and press enter. If a message appears informing you that you will sign off, click the close button. The next steps are the same as the steps above.
What if the computer has an error and can’t get to the desktop to perform the steps above? You don’t need to worry because Windows 10 has an “automatic restart after failure” feature. This means that Windows 10 will immediately enter the boot options menu if a problem occurs during the boot process. That way you can immediately decide to refresh or reset.
So that’s how to easily reinstall Windows 10 without a CD / DVD or flash. One thing you need to remember, make sure Windows 10 is activated before refreshing or resetting so that you don’t need to enter the serial number again after the process is complete. Good luck!